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Bonelli’s Eagle 国家二级保护动物

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Scientific name: Aquila fasciata

Chinese name: 白腹隼雕

Scientific classification

Bonelli’s Eagle

The Bonelli's Eagle (Aquila fasciata) is a large bird of prey. Like all eagles, it belongs to the family Accipitridae. It breeds in southern Europe, Africa both north and south of the Sahara Desert and across the Indian Subcontinent to Indonesia. It is usually a resident breeder which lays 1-3 eggs in a tree or crag nest.

Bonelli’s Eagle
An artwork of the raptor

The Bonelli's Eagle is a species of wooded, often hilly, country with some open areas. The African race prefers savannah, forest edges, cultivation, and scrub, provided there are some large trees; this is not a species of very open or densely forested habitats.

Bonelli’s Eagle
In flight.

This is a small to medium - sized eagle at 55–65 cm in length. The upperparts are dark brown, and the underside is white with dark streaks. The wings are relatively short and rounded. The long tail is grey on top and white below and has a single broad black terminal band. The feet and eyes are yellow.

Bonelli’s Eagle
Juvenile in Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary, India.

Immature birds have deep buff underparts and underwing coverts, and have fine barring on the tail without the terminal band.

The Bonelli's Eagle takes a wide range of live prey, all taken alive. It usually hunts from cover by a quick dash from inside a tree, but it will also catch prey by quartering hill slopes like other eagles, or make a stoop from a soaring position. Most prey is taken on the ground.

This eagle takes large prey items, usually mammals or birds. Mammals up to the size of a hare are regularly taken, and birds up to guineafowl size. The Bonelli's Eagle is usually silent except in display and near the nest. Its fluted klu-kluklu-kluee call is less shrill than that of its near relatives.

Recent DNA research resulted in this species being moved to the genus Aquila from Hieraaetus.

Species: Aquila fasciata
Genus: Aquila
Subfamily: Aquilinae
Family: Accipitridae
Order: Accipitriformes
English: Bonelli’s Eagle
中文学名: 白腹隼雕
中文属名: 雕属
中文亚科: 雕亚科
中文科名: 鹰科
中文目名: 鹰形目
Protected in China: Chinese Bird Second class protected species
IUCN Red List: IUCN Red List
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
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Conservation and rehabilitation

The Bonelli's Eagle will foster orphaned chicks of same species in an empty nest but only if egg or chick loss has happened a few hours earlier so also they will foster chicks during the post-fledging dependence period and this conservation strategy may be applicable to other raptor species provide that siblicide is not common in the host species.

References

  • BirdLife International (2004). Hieraaetus fasciatus. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
  • Splitting headaches? Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists - Martin Collinson, British Birds vol 99 (June 2006), 306-323
  • Lerner, H. R. L. and D. P. Mindell (2005). Phylogeny of eagles, Old World vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37: 327-346. PDF
  • Helbig AJ, Kocum A, Seibold I & Braun MJ (2005) A multi-gene phylogeny of aquiline eagles (Aves: Accipitriformes) reveals extensive paraphyly at the genus level. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 35(1):147-164 PDF

Cited footnotes

  1. Pande, Satish; Pawshe, Amit; Pednekar, Banda; Mahabal, Anil & Yosef, Reuven (2004). "How long is too long? A case of fostering nestling Bonelli's Eagles (Hieraaetus fasciatus)". Journal of Raptor Research (The Raptor Research Foundation, Inc.) 38 (4): 381–382.

External links

  • Bonelli's Eagle in Spain
  • Web page of the Conservation Biology Team - Bonelli's Eagle, of the University of Barcelona
  • Ageing and sexing (PDF)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Subfamily: Buteoninae Genus Species (extinctions: † indicates a species confirmed to be extinct) Geranoaetus
  • Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle
Buteo
  • Common Buzzard
  • Red-tailed Hawk
  • Long-legged Buzzard
  • Rough-legged Buzzard
  • Ferruginous Hawk
  • Red-shouldered Hawk
  • Broad-winged Hawk
  • Swainson's Hawk
  • Roadside Hawk
  • Ridgway's Hawk
  • White-rumped Hawk
  • Short-tailed Hawk
  • White-throated Hawk
  • White-tailed Hawk
  • Galápagos Hawk
  • Variable Hawk
  • Grey Hawk
  • Zone-tailed Hawk
  • Hawaiian Hawk
  • Rufous-tailed Hawk
  • Mountain Buzzard
  • Madagascar Buzzard
  • Upland Buzzard
  • Red-necked Buzzard
  • Jackal Buzzard
Parabuteo
  • Harris's Hawk
Buteogallus
  • Rufous Crab-hawk
  • Common Black Hawk
  • Cuban Black Hawk
  • Great Black Hawk
  • Savanna Hawk
Busarellus
  • Black-collared Hawk
Leucopternis
  • White-browed Hawk
  • White-necked Hawk
  • Black-faced Hawk
  • Grey-backed Hawk
  • Plumbeous Hawk
  • Mantled Hawk
  • Barred Hawk
  • Slate-coloured Hawk
  • Semiplumbeous Hawk
  • White Hawk
Kaupifalco
  • Lizard Buzzard
Butastur
  • Rufous-winged Buzzard
  • Grasshopper Buzzard
  • White-eyed Buzzard
  • Grey-faced Buzzard
Harpyhaliaetus
  • Crowned Solitary Eagle
  • Montane Solitary Eagle
Morphnus
  • Crested Eagle
Harpia
  • Harpy Eagle
Pithecophaga
  • Philippine Eagle
Harpyopsis
  • New Guinea Harpy Eagle
Spizaetus
  • Black Hawk-Eagle
  • Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle
  • Ornate Hawk-Eagle
  • Black-and-chestnut Eagle
Nisaetus
  • Crested Hawk-Eagle
  • Mountain Hawk-Eagle
  • Blyth's Hawk-Eagle
  • Javan Hawk-Eagle
  • Sulawesi Hawk-Eagle
  • Philippine Hawk-Eagle
  • Wallace's Hawk-Eagle
Lophaetus
  • Long-crested Eagle
Stephanoaetus
  • Crowned Eagle
  • Malagasy Crowned Eagle†
Polemaetus
  • Martial Eagle
Hieraaetus
  • African Hawk-Eagle
  • New Guinea Hawk-Eagle
  • Ayres's Hawk-Eagle
Aquila
  • Bonelli's Eagle
  • Booted Eagle
  • Little Eagle
  • Rufous-bellied Eagle
  • Golden Eagle
  • Eastern Imperial Eagle
  • Spanish Imperial Eagle
  • Steppe Eagle
  • Tawny Eagle
  • Greater Spotted Eagle
  • Lesser Spotted Eagle
  • Indian Spotted Eagle
  • Verreaux's Eagle
  • Gurney's Eagle
  • Wahlberg's Eagle
  • Wedge-tailed Eagle
Ictinaetus
  • Black Eagle
Haliaeetus
  • White-bellied Sea Eagle
  • Sanford's Sea Eagle
  • African Fish Eagle
  • Madagascar Fish Eagle
  • Pallas's Fish Eagle
  • White-tailed Eagle
  • Bald Eagle
  • Steller's Sea Eagle
Ichthyophaga
  • Lesser Fish Eagle
  • Grey-headed Fish Eagle
Harpagornis
  • Haast's Eagle†
  • Eagle
  • Buzzard

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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Bonelli%E2%80%99s+Eagle

参考资料

[1].  Bonelli’s Eagle, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonelli%27s_Eagle

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