Carpodacus - 鸟类百科大全
鸟类百科大全 > 雀形目 (Passeriformes) > 燕雀科 (Fringillidae)

Carpodacus 该鸟种在中国有分布 本属包含26个种、38个亚种


同义词条: Rosefinch

Chinese name: 朱雀属

Scientific classification

The rosefinches should not be confused with the rosy finches in the genus Leucosticte.

The rosefinches are birds in the finch family Fringillidae. Most Carpodacus species are called "rosefinches". As the names imply, various shades of red are the characteristic plumage colours of this group. The Common Rosefinch is frequently called the "rosefinch".

Genus: Carpodacus
Family: Fringillidae
Suborder: Passerii
Order: Passeriformes
中文属名: 朱雀属
中文科名: 燕雀科
中文亚目: 鸣禽亚目
中文目名: 雀形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5


Rosefinches are found throughout the northern hemisphere, but the greatest diversity is in Asia. Most species are traditionally placed in the large genus Carpodacus.


Comparison of mtDNA cytochrome b sequences strongly indicates that the genus Carpodacus is in need of a thorough revision. For example, the Dark-breasted Rosefinch, a species with very distinctive appearance, is also very distinct genetically and definitely belongs in another genus, which may even be placed in the chaffinch-brambling subfamily Fringillinae; all other species belong to the cardueline finch subfamily (Carduelinae).

There have been a number of rosefinch radiations. First to split off were the ancestors of the North American species, the Common Rosefinch, and the Scarlet Finch, generally placed in its own genus. These groups, which may be related, diverged in the Middle Miocene (about 14–12 mya) from the proto-rosefinches. Each of these groups probably should constitute a distinct genus; in the case of the North American species, this is Haemorhous. The types of the genera Erythrina Brehm 1829 and Carpodacus Kaup 1829 are frequently considered to be the Common Rosefinch, but both refer to Pallas's Rosefinch.

The Long-tailed Rosefinch, traditionally also placed in a monotypic genus, is closely allied to the Streaked Rosefinch and possibly other species; they diverged around 11–10 mya and either might be placed in Carpodacus or united in Uragus. If the latter is adopted, the bulk of the Asian species would be retained in Carpodacus or placed in the genus Rubicilla.

Przewalski's "Rosefinch" (Urocynchramus pylzowi) has been determined to be not a rosefinch, and indeed not a true finch at all, but to constitute a monotypic family Urocynchramidae.

A 2011 paper argues on the basis of DNA evidence that the Asian rosefinches are the closest relatives of the Hawaiian honeycreepers.


  • American rosefinches (probably a distinct genus Haemorhous, as now accepted by the American Ornithologists Union, or Burrica)
    • Cassin's Finch, Carpodacus cassinii
    • Purple Finch, Carpodacus purpureus
    • House Finch, Carpodacus mexicanus
  • Dark-breasted Rosefinch (probably a distinct genus Procarduelis, perhaps belonging in Fringillinae)
    • Dark-breasted Rosefinch, Carpodacus nipalensis
  • Common Rosefinch (probably a distinct genus)
    • Common Rosefinch, Carpodacus erythrinus
  • Scarlet Finch (traditionally separated as Haematospiza)
    • Scarlet Finch, Carpodacus sipahi
  • Streaked rosefinches (possibly genus Uragus and/or Rubicilla)
    • Caucasian Great Rosefinch, Carpodacus rubicilla
    • Spotted Great Rosefinch, Carpodacus severtzovi
    • Streaked Rosefinch, Carpodacus rubicilloides
    • Long-tailed Rosefinch, Carpodacus sibiricus
  • Tibetan Rosefinch (possibly a distnct genus Kozlowia)
    • Tibetan Rosefinch, Carpodacus roborowskii
  • Red-fronted Rosefinch (possibly a distinct genus Pyrrhospiza)
    • Red-fronted Rosefinch, Carpodacus puniceus
  • Asian rosefinches, Carpodacus proper
    • Himalayan White-browed Rosefinch, Carpodacus thura
    • Chinese White-browed Rosefinch, Carpodacus dubius
    • Pallas's Rosefinch, Carpodacus roseus
    • Three-banded Rosefinch, Carpodacus trifasciatus
  • Incertae sedis, placement uncertain (most probably belong to Asian group)
    • Blanford's Rosefinch, Carpodacus rubescens (perhaps related to Dark-breasted Rosefinch)
    • Himalayan Beautiful Rosefinch, Carpodacus pulcherrimus
    • Chinese Beautiful Rosefinch, Carpodacus davidianus
    • Stresemann's Rosefinch, Carpodacus eos
    • Pink-browed Rosefinch, Carpodacus rhodochroa
    • Vinaceous Rosefinch, Carpodacus vinaceus
      • Taiwanese Rosefinch, Carpodacus (vinaceus) formosanus
    • Dark-rumped Rosefinch, Carpodacus edwardsii
    • Sinai Rosefinch, Carpodacus synoicus
    • Spot-winged Rosefinch, Carpodacus rhodopeplus
    • Red-mantled Rosefinch, Carpodacus rhodochlamys
    • Blyth's Rosefinch, Carpodacus grandis
  • Crimson-browed Finch, generally placed in Pinicola or in a monotypic genus, may belong in the rosefinch group.
    • Crimson-browed Finch, Propyrrhula subhimachala


  1. Arnaiz-Villena, A.; Guillén, J.; Ruiz-del-Valle, V.; Lowy, E.; Zamora, J.; Varela, P.; Stefani, D. & Allende, L. M. (2001). "Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches". Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 58 (8): 1159–1166. doi:10.1007/PL00000930. PMID 11529508.
  2. Banks, Richard C.; Browning, M. Ralph (July, 1995). "Comments on the Status of Revived Old Names for Some North American Birds" (PDF). The Auk (Berkeley, California: University of California Press) 112 (3): 633–648. JSTOR 4088679.
  3. Groth, J. G. (2000). "Molecular evidence for the systematic position of Urocynchramus pylzowi" (PDF). Auk 117 (3): 787–792. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2000)117[0787:MEFTSP]2.0.CO;2. ISSN 0004-8038.
  4. Lerner, Heather R. L.; Meyer, Matthias; James, Helen F.; Hofreiter, Michael; Fleischer, Robert C. (2011). "Multilocus Resolution of Phylogeny and Timescale in the Extant Adaptive Radiation of Hawaiian Honeycreepers". Current Biology 21 (21): 1838–1844. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2011.09.039. PMID 22018543.
  5. Chesser, R. Terry et al. (2012). "Fifty-third Supplement to the American Ornithologists' Union Check-list of North American Birds". The Auk 129 (3): 573–588. Retrieved 2012-07-18.
  6. Hodgson, B. H. (1844 (1845)). "Genus: Procarduelis". J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal XIII: 954.
  7. Groth, Jeffrey G. (1994). "A mitochondrial cytochrome b phylogeny of cardueline finches". Journal für Ornithologie 135 (1): 31. ISSN 0021-8375.
  • Arnaiz-Villena, A.; Moscoso, J.; Ruiz-del-Valle, V.; Gonzalez, J.; Reguera, R.; Wink, M.; I. Serrano-Vela, J. (2007). "Bayesian phylogeny of Fringillinae birds: status of the singular African oriole finch Linurgus olivaceus and evolution and heterogeneity of the genus Carpodacus". Acta Zoologica Sinica 53 (5): 826–834.
  • Bates, R. S. P.; Lowther, E. H. N. (1952). The breeding birds of Kashmir. Oxford (published Oxford University Press).
  • Clement, Peter; Harris, Alan; Davis, John (1993). Finches and Sparrows: an Identification Guide. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-03424-9.
  • Dickinson, E.C. (26 November 2004). "Systematic notes on Asian birds. 46. 'A Catalogue of the Birds in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company' by Horsfield & Moore". Zool. Verh. Leiden 350: 149–165.
  • Eck, S (2004). "Ernst Harterts palaearktische Vogelarten 1903–2003 – Erinnerung an die HARTERT-Ära". Zoologische Abhandlungen (Dresden) 54: 199–231. ISSN 0375-5231.}}
  • Groth, J. G. (1998). "Molecular phylogeny of the cardueline finches and Hawaiian honeycreepers". Ostrich 69: 401.
  • Wolters, H. E. (1975–1982). Die Vogelarten der Erde. Hamburg & Berlin: Paul Parey.

External links

  • Rosefinche videos, photos and sounds on the Internet Bird Collection

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[1].  Carpodacus, from Wikipedia:


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