鸟类百科大全 > 雨燕目 (Apodiformes) > 雨燕科 (Apodidae) > 白领黑雨燕属 (Streptoprocne)

Chestnut-collared Swift

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Scientific name: Streptoprocne rutila

Chinese name: 栗领黑雨燕

Scientific classification

Chestnut-collared Swift

The Chestnut-collared Swift (Streptoprocne rutila) is a resident breeding bird from Mexico and Trinidad south to Peru and Bolivia. It was one of the species of Cypseloides controversially moved to Streptoprocne by the AOU (BLI 2004).

Species: Streptoprocne rutila
Genus: Streptoprocne
Family: Apodidae
Order: Apodiformes
English: Chestnut-collared Swift
中文学名: 栗领黑雨燕
中文属名: 白领黑雨燕属
中文科名: 雨燕科
中文目名: 雨燕目
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Description

This swift is a medium-sized species, 12.7-13.5 cm long, with a longish tail, and weighing 20 g. The male is blackish with a rufous collar. In females and immatures the rufous collar is incomplete or absent. Young birds also differ from the females in that they have reddish edges to the crown feathers. The Chestnut-collared Swift has a chattering chit-chit-chit call.

Chestnut-collared Swifts feed in flight on flying insects, especially flying ants, often at a greater height than other swifts. Although breeding occurs at all levels where there are suitable sites, this species usually feeds over hill forests or more open woodland at 500 m or more.

The Chestnut-collared Swift builds a nest of mud and plant material on a vertical surface in a damp shady location near water, such as in a cave, under a bridge, or in a culvert. The nest is shaped like a flattened cone, and the two white eggs are incubated by both sexes for 23 days, with a further 40 days to fledging. The young are fed on foodballs made from the collected prey.

Subspecies

The following subspecies are currently recognized:

  • Streptoprocne rutila brunnitorques (Lafresnaye, 1844)
  • Streptoprocne rutila griseifrons (Nelson, 1900)
  • Streptoprocne rutila rutila (Vieillot, 1817)

References

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Streptoprocne rutila". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106001693. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
  2. "Streptoprocne rutila". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=693127. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  • Chantler, Phil & Driessens, Gerald (2000): Swifts : a guide to the swifts and treeswifts of the world. Pica Press, Mountfield, East Sussex. ISBN 1-873403-83-6
  • ffrench, Richard; O'Neill, John Patton & Eckelberry, Don R. (1991): A guide to the birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd edition). Comstock Publishing, Ithaca, N.Y.. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2
  • Hilty, Steven L. (2003): Birds of Venezuela. Christopher Helm, London. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5

External links

  • Media related to Streptoprocne rutila at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Streptoprocne rutila at Wikispecies

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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Chestnut-collared+Swift

参考资料

[1].  Chestnut-collared Swift, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chestnut-collared_Swift

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