鸟类百科大全 > 雀形目 (Passeriformes) > 鹟科 (Muscicapidae) > 红尾鸲属 (Phoenicurus)

Daurian Redstart 该鸟种在中国有分布

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Scientific name: Phoenicurus auroreus

Chinese name: 北红尾鸲

Scientific classification

Daurian Redstart

The Daurian Redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus) is a small passerine bird from temperate Asia. In Japan, it is known as jōbitaki (ジョウビタキ).

Species: Phoenicurus auroreus
Genus: Phoenicurus
Family: Muscicapidae
Suborder: Passerii
Order: Passeriformes
English: Daurian Redstart
中文学名: 北红尾鸲
中文属名: 红尾鸲属
中文科名: 鹟科
中文亚目: 鸣禽亚目
中文目名: 雀形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
IUCN Red List: IUCN Red List
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
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Description and systematics

Like all typical redstarts, they are strongly sexually dimorphic. Breeding males have a grey crown and nape with lighter forehead and crown-sides, a black face and chin, brownish mantle and wings and a large white wing patch; the chest, lower back and rump are orange, and the tail is black with orange sides. Juvenile males are similarly patterned but much duller and less clearly marked.

Daurian Redstart
Female in Japan

Females are warm brown above, paler below, have an orange rump and tail sides, and have a large white wing patch similar to the males. Bill, eye, legs and feet are black in both sexes.

It was formerly classed as a member of the Thrush family (Turdidae), but is now generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher (Muscicapidae). This species is divided into two subspecies, the eastern P. a. auroreus and the western P. a. leucopterus.

It belongs to a close-knit Eurasian clade which also includes the Black Redstart (P. ochruros), Hodgson's Redstart (P. hodgsoni), the White-winged Redstart (P. erythrogastrus) – which may be especially closely related to P. auroreus –, and maybe the Ala Shan Redstart (P. alaschanicus). These all diverged during the latter part of the Late Pliocene and the earliest Early Pleistocene, some 3-1.5 million years ago, during onset of the Quaternary glaciation.

Distribution and ecology

It is a fairly common bird in East Asia, ranging eastwards from Mongolia and the Himalayas. It is migratory; P. a. auroreus winters in Korea, Japan, southeast coastal China and Taiwan, and P. a. leucopterus in northern India and parts of Southeast Asia.

Daurian Redstarts favour open forests, forest edges, agricultural margins, and are also commonly found in parks and urban gardens. They are reasonably confiding and often allow humans to approach quite closely before moving off. It breeds in the summer months, with a mated pair of the nominate subspecies having been encountered in early May.

Widespread and rather common, this bird is not considered a threatened species by the IUCN.

Footnotes

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Phoenicurus auroreus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106006655. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
  2. ^ ab Brazil (2008)
  3. Ertan (2006), Brazil (2008)
  4. BLI (2008), Brazil (2008)
  5. Bangs (1932), Brazil (2008)
  6. BLI (2008)

References

  • Bangs, Outram (1932): Birds of western China obtained by the Kelley-Roosevelts expedition. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. 18(11): 343-379. Fulltext at the Internet Archive
  • Brazil, Mark (2009): The Birds of East Asia: China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and Russia. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-13926-1
  • Ertan, Kemal Topaç (2006): The evolutionary history of Eurasian redstarts, Phoenicurus. Acta Zoologica Sinica 52(Supplement): 310–313. PDF fulltext

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参考资料

[1].  Daurian Redstart, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daurian_Redstart

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