Egretta - 鸟类百科大全
鸟类百科大全 > 鹈形目 (Pelecaniformes) > 鹭科 (Ardeidae)

Egretta 该鸟种在中国有分布 本属包含14个种、16个亚种


Chinese name: 白鹭属

Scientific classification

White-faced Heron, Egretta novaehollandiae with a frog

Egretta is a genus of medium-sized herons, mostly breeding in warmer climates. Representatives of this family are found in most of the world, and the Little Egret, as well as being widespread throughout much of the Old World, has now started to colonise the Americas.

Little Egret Egretta garzetta in Kolleru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

These are typical egrets in shape, long-necked and long-legged. There are few plumage features in common, although several have plumes in breeding plumage; a number of species are either white in all plumages, have a white morph (e.g. Reddish Egret), or have a white juvenile plumage (Little Blue Heron).

The breeding habitat of Egretta herons is marshy wetlands in warm countries. They nest in colonies, often with other wading birds, usually on platforms of sticks in trees or shrubs.

These herons feed on insects, fish and amphibians, caught normally by cautious stalking.

Genus: Egretta
Subfamily: Ardeinae
Family: Ardeidae
Order: Pelecaniformes
中文属名: 白鹭属
中文亚科: 鹭亚科
中文科名: 鹭科
中文目名: 鹈形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5


As with other heron groupings, the taxonomy of these birds has been a source of dispute. Some of these species have been placed with the great herons in Ardea, and conversely the large white species like Great Egret are occasionally allocated to Egretta.

The fact that some of the group are named as “heron” and some as “egret” has no taxonomic significance.


  • Little Egret, Egretta garzetta or Ardea garzetta
  • Snowy Egret, Egretta thula
  • Reddish Egret, Egretta rufescens
  • Slaty Egret, Egretta vinaceigula
  • Black Heron, Egretta ardesiaca
  • Tricolored Heron, Egretta tricolor also known as Louisiana Heron
  • White-faced Heron, Egretta novaehollandiae or Ardea novaehollandiae
  • Little Blue Heron, Egretta caerulea
  • Pacific Reef Heron, Egretta sacra or Ardea sacra, also known as Pacific Reef Egret or Eastern Reef Heron
  • Western Reef Heron, Egretta gularis
  • Dimorphic Egret, Egretta dimorpha
  • Chinese Egret, Egretta eulophotes

A fossil species, Egretta subfluvia, is known from the Late Miocene or Early Pliocene of Florida.

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[1].  Egretta, from Wikipedia:


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