鸟类百科大全 > 雀形目 (Passeriformes)

Eurylaimidae 国家二级保护动物 本科包含12个属、20个种、41个亚种

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同义词条: Broadbill

Chinese name: 阔嘴鸟科

Scientific classification

Eurylaimidae
This article is about the bird family. For other uses, see Broadbill (disambiguation).

The broadbills are a clade of small passerine birds, Eurylaimidae. The Smithornis and Pseudocalyptomena species occur in sub-Saharan Africa; the rest extend from the eastern Himalayas to Sumatra and Borneo. The family possibly also includes the Sapayoa from the Neotropics and the asities from Madagascar.

Family: Eurylaimidae
Suborder: Eurylaimi
Order: Passeriformes
中文科名: 阔嘴鸟科
中文亚目: 阔嘴鸟亚目
中文目名: 雀形目
Protected in China: Chinese Bird Second class protected species
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
Contents

Description

Many of the broadbills are brightly coloured birds that present broad heads, large eyes and a hooked, flat and broad beak. They range from 13 to 28 centimetres in length, and live in the dense canopies of wet forests, allowing them to hide despite their brightly coloured plumage. The plumage of the juveniles eurylaimids are similar to those of the adults, differing in being duller and shorter-winged and shorter-tailed in some cases.

Behaviour and ecology

The broadbills are for the most part insectivorous and carnivorous. Prey taken include insects, spiders, centipedes and millipedes, as well as lizards and tree frogs. Prey is obtained by sallying from a perch to snatch it in flight, and gleaning the prey off leaves and branches while flying. Some species may take some fruit, but only the green broadbills of the genus Calyptomena and the African Green Broadbill are primarily frugivores (which also take some insects as well).

They are generally gregarious, with many species moving about in flocks of about 20 individuals. Broadbills attach their purse-shaped nests to suspended vines, and leave a tail of fibres hanging below it. This gives the nest the appearance of being random debris caught in the tree, an effect further enhanced by the birds covering the nest with lichen and spider webs. Broadbills typically lay two to three eggs.

Taxonomy and systematics

The Sapayoa was originally classified in the group Pipridae, according to at least one author, the genus more accurately fits the broadbill family. The four species of asities, a family endemic to Madagascar, are sometimes included in the broadbills. It has been suggested that the group is not monophyletic.

Family Eurylaimidae

  • Subfamily: Sapyornithinae (probably better considered a distinct family)
    • Genus: Sapayoa
      • Sapayoa, Sapayoa aenigma
  • Subfamily: Smithornithinae - typical African broadbills
    • Genus: Smithornis
      • African Broadbill, Smithornis capensis
      • Grey-headed Broadbill, Smithornis sharpei
      • Rufous-sided Broadbill, Smithornis rufolateralis
  • Subfamily: Pseudocalyptomeninae
    • Genus: Pseudocalyptomena
      • Grauer's Broadbill, Pseudocalyptomena graueri
  • Subfamily: Calyptomeninae - Asian green broadbills
    • Genus: Calyptomena
      • Green Broadbill, Calyptomena viridis
      • Hose's Broadbill, Calyptomena hosei
      • Whitehead's Broadbill Calyptomena whiteheadi
  • Subfamily: Eurylaiminae - typical Asian broadbills
    • Genus Corydon
      • Dusky Broadbill, Corydon sumatranus
    • Genus: Cymbirhynchus
      • Black-and-red Broadbill, Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
    • Genus: Eurylaimus
      • Banded Broadbill, Eurylaimus javanicus
      • Black-and-yellow Broadbill, Eurylaimus ochromalus
      • Wattled Broadbill, Eurylaimus steerii
      • Visayan Broadbill, Eurylaimus samarensis
    • Genus: Psarisomus
      • Long-tailed Broadbill, Psarisomus dalhousiae
    • Genus: Serilophus
      • Silver-breasted Broadbill, Serilophus lunatus

References

  1. ^ ab McClure, H. Elliott (1991). Forshaw, Joseph. ed. Encyclopaedia of Animals: Birds. London: Merehurst Press. pp. 158–158. ISBN 1-85391-186-0.
  2. del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Christie, D. (2003). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 8: Broadbills to Tapaculos. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 84-87334-50-4.
  3. Sapayoa aenigma: a New World representative of 'Old World suboscines'
  4. Prum, R. 0. (1993). "Phylogeny, biogeography, and evolution of the broadbills (Eurylaimidae) and asities (Philepittidae) based on morphology.". Auk 110: 304–324.
  5. Olson, SL (1971). "Taxonomic comments on the Eurylaimidae". Ibis 113: 507–516. http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/8379/1/VZ_33_Eurylaimidae.pdf.

External links

  • Broadbill videos on the Internet Bird Collection

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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Eurylaimidae

参考资料

[1].  Eurylaimidae, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eurylaimidae

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