鸟类百科大全 > 鸊鷉目 (Podicipediformes) > 鸊鷉科 (Podicipedidae) > 鸊鷉属 (Podiceps)

Great Crested Grebe 该鸟种在中国有分布

编辑词条

Scientific name: Podiceps cristatus

Chinese name: 凤头鸊鷉

Scientific classification

Great Crested Grebe

The Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus) is a member of the grebe family of water birds.

Species: Podiceps cristatus
Genus: Podiceps
Family: Podicipedidae
Order: Podicipediformes
English: Great Crested Grebe
中文学名: 凤头鸊鷉
中文属名: 鸊鷉属
中文科名: 鸊鷉科
中文目名: 鸊鷉目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
IUCN Red List: IUCN Red List
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
Contents

Description

Great Crested Grebe
Juvenile Great Crested Grebe with adult
Great Crested Grebe
Head of a young Great Crested Grebe with characteristic stripes

The Great Crested Grebe is the largest member of the grebe family found in the Old World, with some larger species residing in the Americas. They measure 46–51 cm (18–20 in) long with a 59–73 cm (23–29 in) wingspan and weigh 0.9 to 1.5 kg (2.0 to 3.3 lb). It is an excellent swimmer and diver, and pursues its fish prey underwater. The adults are unmistakable in summer with head and neck decorations. In winter, this is whiter than most grebes, with white above the eye, and a pink bill. It is the largest European grebe.

The young are distinctive because their heads are striped black and white. They lose these markings when they become adults.

Distribution

The Great Crested Grebe breeds in vegetated areas of freshwater lakes. The subspecies P. c. cristatus is found across Europe and Asia. It is resident in the milder west of its range, but migrates from the colder regions. It winters on freshwater lakes and reservoirs or the coast. The African subspecies P. c. infuscatus and the Australasian subspecies P. c. australis are mainly sedentary.

Behaviour

Great Crested Grebe
An adult with two fish ready to feed its young in Scotland

The Great Crested Grebe has an elaborate mating display. Like all grebes, it nests on the water's edge, since its legs are set relatively far back and it is thus unable to walk very well. Usually two eggs are laid, and the fluffy, striped young grebe are often carried on the adult's back. In a clutch of two or more hatchlings, male and female grebes will each identify their 'favourites', which they alone will care for and teach

Unusually, young grebes are capable of swimming and diving almost at hatching. The adults teach these skills to their young by carrying them on their back and diving, leaving the chicks to float on the surface; they then re-emerge a few feet away so that the chicks may swim back onto them.

The Crested Grebe feeds mainly on fish, but also small crustaceans, insects and small frogs.

This species was hunted almost to extinction in the United Kingdom in the 19th century for its head plumes, which were used to decorate hats and ladies' undergarments. The RSPB was set up to help protect this species, which is again a common sight.

References

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Podiceps cristatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106003639. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
  2. "Great crested grebe videos, photos and facts - Podiceps cristatus". ARKive. http://www.arkive.org/great-crested-grebe/podiceps-cristatus/#text=Facts. Retrieved 2012-06-27.
  3. Burnie D and Wilson DE (Eds.), Animal: The Definitive Visual Guide to the World's Wildlife. DK Adult (2005), ISBN 0789477645

External links

  • Great Crested Grebe videos, photos & sounds on the Internet Bird Collection
  • Great Crested Grebe - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds.
  • Podiceps cristatus in the Flickr: Field Guide Birds of the World
  • Podiceps cristatus on Avibase
  • BTO BirdFacts - Great-crested Grebe
  • BirdLife Species Factsheet
  • v
  • t
  • e
Grebes (order: Podicipediformes · family: Podicipedidae) Genus Species Tachybaptus
  • Little Grebe
  • Australasian Grebe
  • Madagascar Grebe
  • Alaotra Grebe
  • Least Grebe
Podilymbus
  • Pied-billed Grebe
  • Atitlán Grebe
Rollandia
  • White-tufted Grebe
  • Titicaca Flightless Grebe
Poliocephalus
  • Hoary-headed Grebe
  • New Zealand Dabchick
Podiceps
  • Red-necked Grebe
  • Great Crested Grebe
  • Slavonian Grebe (or Horned Grebe)
  • Black-necked Grebe (or Eared Grebe)
  • Colombian Grebe
  • Great Grebe
  • Silvery Grebe
  • Junin Flightless Grebe
  • Hooded Grebe
Aechmophorus
  • Western Grebe
  • Clark's Grebe

→如果您认为本词条还有待完善,请 编辑词条

上一篇Red-necked Grebe 下一篇Horned Grebe

勘误指正:词条内容仅供参考,若有任何谬误、版权缺失、中医药用等内容,请您留言或编辑。
版权声明:转载引用遵守知识共享 署名-相同方式共享 3.0协议,必须注明原始链接。
原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Great+Crested+Grebe

参考资料

[1].  Great Crested Grebe, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Crested_Grebe

附件列表


Related birds

Bird Gallary

词条信息

鸟博士
鸟博士
超级管理员 star level 1 star level 1 star level 1
词条创建者 发短消息   10468金币