鸟类百科大全 > 鸡形目 (Galliformes) > 雉科 (Phasianidae) > 山鹑属 (Perdix)

Grey Partridge 该鸟种在中国有分布

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同义词条: English Partridge Hungarian Partridge Hun

Scientific name: Perdix perdix

Chinese name: 灰山鹑

Scientific classification

Grey Partridge
For the South Asian species, see Grey Francolin.

The Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix) also known as the English Partridge, Hungarian Partridge, or Hun, is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. The species has been successfully introduced to many parts of the world for shooting, including vast areas of North America, where it is most commonly known as Hungarian partridge, or just "Hun". Widespread and common throughout its large range, the Grey Partridge is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This partridge breeds on farmland across most of Europe into western Asia, and has been introduced widely into North America. They are quite common in some areas of southern Canada and the northern United States.

Species: Perdix perdix
Genus: Perdix
Family: Phasianidae
Order: Galliformes
English: Grey Partridge
中文学名: 灰山鹑
中文属名: 山鹑属
中文科名: 雉科
中文目名: 鸡形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
IUCN Red List: IUCN Red List
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
Contents

Description

The Grey Partridge is a rotund bird, 28–32 cm long, brown-backed, with grey flanks and chest. The belly is white, usually marked with a large chestnut-brown horse-shoe mark in males, and also in many females. Hens lay up to twenty eggs in a ground nest. The nest is usually in the margin of a cereal field, most commonly Winter wheat. The only major and constant difference between the sexes is the so-called cross of Lorraine on the tertiary coverts of females – these being marked with two transverse bars, as opposed to the one in males. These are present after around 16 weeks of age when the birds have moulted into adult plumage. Young Grey Partridges are mostly yellow-brown and lack the distinctive face and underpart markings. The song is a harsh kieerr-ik, and when disturbed, like most of the gamebirds, it flies a short distance on rounded wings, often calling rick rick rick as it rises. They are a seed-eating species, but the young in particular take insects as an essential protein supply. During the first 10 days of life, the young can only digest insects. The parents lead their chicks to the edges of cereal fields, where they can forage for insects. They are also a non-migratory terrestrial species, and form flocks outside the breeding season.

Grey Partridge
Uncommon Gray Partridge in Alberta, Canada.

Though common and not threatened, it appears to be declining in numbers in some areas of intensive cultivation such as Great Britain, probably due to a loss of breeding habitat and possibly food supplies. Their numbers have fallen in these areas by as much as 85% in the last 25 years. Efforts are being made in Great Britain by organizations such as the Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust to halt this decline by creating Conservation headlands. In 1995 it was nominated a Biodiversity Action plan species. In Ireland it is now virtually confined to the Lough Boora reserve in County Offaly where a recent conservation project has succeeded in boosting its numbers to 900, raising hopes that it may be reintroduced to the rest of Ireland. (see UK BAP).

Subspecies

There are eight recognized subspecies:

  • P. p. amoricana (Hartert, 1917) - locally in France
  • P. p. canescens (Burturlin, 1906) - Southern Grey Partridge - Turkey east to the South Caucasus and northwest Iran
  • P. p. hispaniensis (Reichenow, 1892) - Iberian Partridge - central Pyrenees to northeast Portugal
  • P. p. italica (Hartert, 1917) - Italian Grey Partridge
  • P. p. lucida (Altum, 1894) - Eastern Grey Partridge - Finland east to Ural Mountains and south to Black Sea and northern Caucasus
  • P. p. perdix (Linnaeus, 1758) - nominate - British Isles and southern Scandinavia to Italy and the Balkans
  • P. p. robusta (Homeyer and Tancré, 1883) - Southeastern Grey Partridge - Ural Mountains to southwestern Siberia and northwestern China
  • P. p. sphagnetorum (Altum, 1894) - moors of northern Holland and northwest Germany

References

  1. BirdLife International (2009). "Perdix perdix". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/141265. Retrieved August 26. 2010.
  2. Sibley, David Allen (2003). The Sibley Field Guide to Birds of Western North America (A Chanticleer Press Edition ed.). Knopf. p. 122. ISBN 0-679-45121-8.

External links

  • BirdLife Species Factsheet
  • IUCN Red List
  • Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust
  • Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust - Grey Partridge
  • Grey Partridge videos, photos & sounds on the Internet Bird Collection
  • Cornell Lab of Ornithology - Grey Partridge
  • Ageing and sexing (PDF) by Javier Blasco-Zumeta
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  • e
Game animals and shooting in the United Kingdom Game birds
  • Common Pheasant
  • Grey Partridge
  • Red-legged Partridge
  • Red Grouse
  • Rock Ptarmigan
  • Black Grouse1
  • Eurasian Woodcock
  • Common Snipe
Grey Partridge
Quarry species
  • Mallard
  • Teal
  • Wood Pigeon
  • Golden Plover
  • Canada Goose
  • Greylag Goose
  • Pink-footed Goose
  • Greater White-fronted Goose2
  • Eurasian Wigeon
  • Tufted Duck
  • Northern Shoveler
  • Northern Pintail
  • Gadwall
  • Common Pochard
  • Common Goldeneye
  • Common Moorhen
  • Eurasian Coot
Deer
  • Red Deer
  • Roe Deer
  • Fallow deer
  • Sika Deer
  • Reeves's muntjac
  • Water deer
Other quarry
  • European Hare
  • Red Fox
  • European Rabbit
Opponents
  • League Against Cruel Sports
  • Animal Aid
Law
  • Game Act 1831
  • Hunting Act 2004
See also
  • British Association for Shooting and Conservation
  • Hunting and shooting in the United Kingdom
  • Game & Wildlife Conservation Trust
  • Countryside Alliance
  • Glorious Twelfth
  • Gamekeeper
  • Deer stalking
1 Rarely shot due to declining numbers.
2 England and Wales only; protected Scotland.
  • v
  • t
  • e
Game animals and shooting in the United States Game birds
  • Bobwhite Quail
  • Chukar
  • Hungarian Partridge
  • Prairie Chicken
  • Mourning Dove
  • Ring-necked Pheasant
  • Ptarmigan
  • Ruffed Grouse
  • Sharp-tailed Grouse
  • Snipe (Common Snipe)
  • Spruce Grouse
  • Turkey
  • Woodcock
Grey Partridge
Waterfowl
  • Black Duck
  • Canada Goose
  • Canvasback
  • Gadwall
  • Greater Scaup
  • Lesser Scaup
  • Mallard
  • Northern Pintail
  • Redhead
  • Ross's Goose
  • Snow Goose
  • Wood Duck
Big game
  • Bighorn Sheep
  • Black Bear
  • Razorback
  • Brown Bear
  • Bison (Buffalo)
  • Caribou
  • Cougar (Mountain Lion)
  • Elk
  • Moose
  • White-tailed deer
  • Gray wolf
  • Mountain goat
  • Mule Deer
  • Pronghorn
  • Muskox
  • Dall Sheep
  • Polar Bear
  • Santa Monkeys
Other quarry
  • American alligator
  • Bobcat
  • Coyote
  • Fox Squirrel
  • Gray Fox
  • Gray Squirrel
  • Opossum
  • Rabbit
  • Red Fox
  • Snowshoe Hare
See also
  • Bear hunting
  • Big game hunting
  • Bison hunting
  • Deer hunting
  • Waterfowl hunting
  • Wolf hunting
  • Upland hunting

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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Grey+Partridge

参考资料

[1].  Grey Partridge, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grey_Partridge

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