鸟类百科大全 > 鸻形目 (Charadriiformes) > 鹬科 (Scolopacidae) > 塍鹬属 (Limosa)

Hudsonian Godwit

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Scientific name: Limosa haemastica

Chinese name: 棕塍鹬

Scientific classification

The Hudsonian Godwit (Limosa haemastica) is a large shorebird.

Species: Limosa haemastica
Genus: Limosa
Subfamily: Tringinae
Family: Scolopacidae
Suborder: Charadrii
Order: Charadriiformes
English: Hudsonian Godwit
中文学名: 棕塍鹬
中文属名: 塍鹬属
中文亚科: 鹬亚科
中文科名: 鹬科
中文亚目: 鸻亚目
中文目名: 鸻形目
IUCN Red List: IUCN Red List
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Contents

Identification

Hudsonian Godwit

Non breeding plumage
Cairns, Australia

Adults have long dark legs and a long pink bill with a slight upward curve and dark at the tip. The upper parts are mottled brown and the underparts are chestnut. The tail is black and the rump is white. They show black wing linings in flight.

Breeding

Their breeding habitat is the far north near the tree line in northwestern Canada and Alaska, also on the shores of Hudson Bay. They nest on the ground, in a well-concealed location in a marshy area. The female usually lays four eggs. Both parents look after the young birds, who find their own food and are able to fly within a month of hatching.

Migration

They migrate to South America. These birds gather at James Bay before fall migration. In good weather, many birds make the trip south without stopping. They are a vagrant to Australia.

They can perhaps be most easily seen in migration on the east coast of North America where they can be plentiful in migration in Late July through early August.

Diet

These birds forage by probing in shallow water. They mainly eat insects and crustaceans.

Conservation history

Their numbers were reduced by hunting at the end of the 19th century.

References

  1. BirdLife International (2012). "Limosa haemastica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/106003004. Retrieved 16 July 2012.

External links

  • Hudsonian Godwit - Limosa haemastica - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
  • Hudsonian Godwit Species Account - Cornell Lab of Ornithology

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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Hudsonian+Godwit

参考资料

[1].  Hudsonian Godwit, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudsonian_Godwit

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