鸟类百科大全 > 雀形目 (Passeriformes) > 伯劳科 (Laniidae)

Lanius 该鸟种在中国有分布 本属包含29个种、75个亚种

编辑词条

Chinese name: 伯劳属

Scientific classification

Lanius

Lanius, the typical shrikes, are a genus of passerine birds in the shrike family. The majority of the family's species are placed in this genus. African species are known as fiscals. That name comes from the Afrikaans word fiskaal ("public official", especially a hangman), because they hang their prey on thorns for storage.

Genus: Lanius
Family: Laniidae
Suborder: Passerii
Order: Passeriformes
中文属名: 伯劳属
中文科名: 伯劳科
中文亚目: 鸣禽亚目
中文目名: 雀形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
Contents

Description

Most Lanius species occur in Eurasia and Africa, but the Great Grey Shrike has a circumpolar distribution, and the Loggerhead Shrike is confined to North America. There are no members of this genus or the shrike family in South America or Australia.

Lanius shrikes are birds of open habitats typically seen perched upright on a prominent perch like a treetop or a telegraph pole. They sally out for prey, taken in flight or the ground. These species primarily take large insects, but will also take small birds, reptiles and mammals. For large northern species such as the Great Grey, the majority of the prey will be vertebrates, especially in winter.

Despite their diet, these are not true birds of prey, and lack the strong talons of the raptors. Though they use their feet to hold smaller insects, larger prey items are impaled upon a sharp point, such as a thorn or the barbs of barbed wire. Thus secured they can be ripped open with the hooked bill.

Most Lanius shrikes are solitary, except when breeding and highly territorial. Northern or temperate species such as the Great Grey and Red-backed Shrikes are migratory and winter well south of the breeding range.

The sexes of most species are distinguishable, the male invariably being the brighter bird where there is a difference.

There are some natural groupings within the genus, such as the seven African fiscals, the large grey species (ludovicianus, excubitor, meridionalis and sphenocercus) and the Eurasian brown-backed species (tigrinus, bucephalus, collurio, isabellinus, cristatus and gubernator). In the last group in particular, it has been difficult to define species’ boundaries, and in the past several of these shrike have been lumped as conspecific.

The prehistoric shrike Lanius miocaenus has been described from Early Miocene fossils found at Langy, France, though its placement in this genus is not universally accepted due to its fairly high age.

Species in taxonomic order

  • Tiger Shrike, Lanius tigrinus
  • Bull-headed Shrike, Lanius bucephalus
  • Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
  • Isabelline Shrike Lanius isabellinus
  • Brown Shrike, Lanius cristatus
  • Burmese Shrike, Lanius collurioides
  • Emin's Shrike, Lanius gubernator
  • Souza's Shrike, Lanius souzae
  • Bay-backed Shrike, Lanius vittatus
  • Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
  • Grey-backed Shrike Lanius tephronotus
  • Mountain Shrike or Grey-capped Shrike, Lanius validirostris
  • Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor
  • Loggerhead Shrike, Lanius ludovicianus
  • Great Grey Shrike Lanius excubitor
  • Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis
  • Chinese Grey Shrike, Lanius sphenocercus
  • Grey-backed Fiscal, Lanius excubitoroides
  • Long-tailed Fiscal, Lanius cabanisi
  • Taita Fiscal, Lanius dorsalis
  • Somali Fiscal, Lanius somalicus
  • Mackinnon's Shrike, Lanius mackinnoni
  • Common Fiscal, Lanius collaris
    • Uhehe Fiscal, Lanius collaris marwitzi
  • São Tomé Fiscal, Lanius newtoni
  • Woodchat Shrike, Lanius senator
  • Masked Shrike, Lanius nubicus

References

  • Tony Harris and Kim Franklin, Shrikes and Bush-Shrikes ISBN 0-7136-3861-3

→如果您认为本词条还有待完善,请 编辑词条

上一篇Laniidae 下一篇Tiger Shrike

勘误指正:词条内容仅供参考,若有任何谬误、版权缺失、中医药用等内容,请您留言或编辑。
版权声明:转载引用遵守知识共享 署名-相同方式共享 3.0协议,必须注明原始链接。
原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Lanius

参考资料

[1].  Lanius, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lanius

附件列表


Related birds

Bird Gallary

词条信息

鸟博士
鸟博士
超级管理员 star level 1 star level 1 star level 1
词条创建者 发短消息   10480金币