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Leptoptilos 该鸟种在中国有分布 本属包含3个种、0个亚种

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Chinese name: 秃鹳属

Scientific classification

Leptoptilos

Leptoptilos is a genus of very large tropical storks. Two species are resident breeders in southern Asia, and the Marabou Stork is found in sub-Saharan Africa.

Genus: Leptoptilos
Family: Ciconiidae
Order: Ciconiiformes
中文属名: 秃鹳属
中文科名: 鹳科
中文目名: 鹳形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
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Description

These are huge birds, typically 110–150 cm tall with a 210–250 cm wingspan. The three species each have a black upper body and wings, and white belly and undertail. The head and neck are bare like those of a vulture. The huge bill is long and thick. Juveniles are a duller, browner version of the adult.

Leptoptilos storks are gregarious colonial breeders in wetlands, building large stick nests in trees. They feed on frogs, insects, young birds, lizards and rodents. They are frequent scavengers, and the naked head and neck are adaptations to this, as are those of the vultures with which they often feed. A feathered head would become rapidly clotted with blood and other substances when a scavenging bird's head was inside a large corpse, and the bare head is easier to keep clean.

Most storks fly with neck outstretched, but the three Leptoptilos storks retract their necks in flight like a heron.

Species

  • Lesser Adjutant, Leptoptilos javanicus
  • Greater Adjutant, Leptoptilos dubius
  • Marabou Stork, Leptoptilos crumeniferus

There is an ample fossil record of this genus. L. titan, which was hunted by prehistoric humans, was truly gigantic, and L. falconeri possibly was one of the most widespread storks worldwide during the Pliocene:

  • Leptoptilos falconeri (Early to Late Pliocene of S Asia and E Africa)
  • Leptoptilos indicus (Late Pliocene of Siwalik, India) – formerly Cryptociconia indica, may be the same as L. falconeri (Louchart et al. 2005)
  • Leptoptilus patagonicus (Puerto Madryn Late Miocene of Valdés Peninsula, Argentina)
  • Leptoptilos pliocenicus (Early Pliocene of Odessa, Ukraine and Urugus, Ethiopia to Late Pliocene of Koro Toro, Chad and Olduvai, Tanzania) – includes L. cf. falconeri, may be the same as L. falconeri
  • Leptoptilos richae (Beglia Late Miocene of Bled ed Douarah, Tunisia, and Wadi Moghara, Egypt?)
  • Leptoptilos robustus (Pleistocene, Flores, Indonesia)
  • Leptoptilos titan (Notopuro Middle/Late Pleistocene of Watualang, Java)
  • Leptoptilos sp. (Ngorora Late Miocene of Baringo District, Kenya: Louchart et al. 2005)

Leptoptilos siwalicensis from the Siwalik deposits (Late Miocene? to Late Pliocene) may belong to this genus or to a closely related one (Louchart et al. 2005).

References

  1. Louchart, Antoine; Vignaud, Patrick; Likius, Andossa; Brunet, Michel & and White, Tim D. (2005). "A large extinct marabou stork in African Pliocene hominid sites, and a review of the fossil species of Leptoptilos". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 50 (3): 549–563. http://www.app.pan.pl/archive/published/app50/app50-549.pdf.
  2. Meijer HJM & R A Due (2010). "A new species of giant marabou stork (Aves: Ciconiiformes) from the Pleistocene of Liang Bua, Flores (Indonesia)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160: 707–724. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2010.00616.x.
  • v
  • t
  • e
  • Storks
    • order: Ciconiiformes
    • family: Ciconiidae
Genus
  • Species
Mycteria
  • Milky Stork (M. cinerea)
  • Yellow-billed Stork (M. ibis)
  • Painted Stork (M. leucocephala)
  • Wood Stork (M. americana)
Anastomus
  • Asian Openbill (A. oscitans)
  • African Openbill (A. lamelligerus)
Ciconia
  • Abdim's Stork (C. abdimii)
  • Woolly-necked Stork (C. episcopus)
  • Storm's Stork (C. stormi)
  • Maguari Stork (C. maguari)
  • Oriental Stork (C. boyciana)
  • White Stork (C. ciconia)
  • Black Stork (C. nigra)
Ephippiorhynchus
  • Black-necked Stork (E. asiaticus)
  • Saddle-billed Stork (E. senegalensis)
Jabiru
  • Jabiru (J. mycteria)
Leptoptilos
  • Lesser Adjutant (L. javanicus)
  • Greater Adjutant (L. dubius)
  • Marabou Stork (L. crumeniferus)
19 living species in six genera

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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Leptoptilos

参考资料

[1].  Leptoptilos, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leptoptilos

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