鸟类百科大全 > 雁形目 (Anseriformes) > 鸭科 (Anatidae)

Melanitta 该鸟种在中国有分布 本属包含5个种、2个亚种

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同义词条: Scoter

Chinese name: 海番鸭属

Scientific classification

Melanitta
For U.S. Navy ships named Scoter, see USS Scoter.

The scoters are stocky seaducks in the genus Melanitta. The drakes are mostly black and have swollen bills. Females are brown.

Genus: Melanitta
Subfamily: Anatinae
Family: Anatidae
Order: Anseriformes
中文属名: 海番鸭属
中文亚科: 鸭亚科
中文科名: 鸭科
中文目名: 雁形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
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Description

They breed in the far north of Europe, Asia and North America, and winter further south in temperate zones of those continents. They form large flocks on suitable coastal waters. These are tightly packed, and the birds tend to take off together.

Their lined nests are built on the ground close to the sea, lakes or rivers, in woodland or tundra. These species dive for crustaceans and molluscs.

There are five species, grouped into two subgenera:

  • subgenus Oidemia (Black and Common Scoters)
  • subgenus Melanitta (Surf, Velvet and White-winged Scoters)

The presumed fossil "scoter" Melanitta ceruttii which lived in California during the Late Pliocene is now placed in the genus Histrionicus.


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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Melanitta

参考资料

[1].  Melanitta, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melanitta

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