鸟类百科大全 > 鸻形目 (Charadriiformes) > 鸥科 (Laridae)

Onychoprion 该鸟种在中国有分布 本属包含4个种、11个亚种

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Chinese name: 褐背燕鸥属

Scientific classification

Onychoprion

Onychoprion, the "brown-backed terns", is a genus of seabirds in the tern family. Although the genus was first described in 1832 by Johann Georg Wagler the four species in the genus were until recently retained in the larger genus Sterna, the genus that most terns are in (Bridge et al., 2005).

Genus: Onychoprion
Family: Laridae
Order: Charadriiformes
中文属名: 褐背燕鸥属
中文科名: 鸥科
中文目名: 鸻形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
Contents

Description

Three of the four species are tropical, and one has a sub-polar breeding range. The Sooty Tern has a pan-tropical distribution; the Bridled Tern also breeds across the Tropical Atlantic and Indian Ocean but in the central Pacific it is replaced by the Spectacled Tern. The Aleutian Tern breeds around Alaska and Siberia but winters in the tropics around South East Asia.

  • Genus Onychoprion – "brown-backed" terns.
    • Spectacled Tern, Onychoprion lunatus
    • Bridled Tern, Onychoprion anaethetus
    • Sooty Tern, Onychoprion fuscatus
    • Aleutian Tern, Onychoprion aleuticus

Manutara is the Rapa Nui language name for Spectacled and Sooty Terns. Both arrive at Easter Island and hatch their eggs on the island called Motu Nui, an event that was used for an annual rite called Tangata manu.

References[edit source | edit]

  • Bridge, E. S.; Jones, A. W. & Baker, A. J. (2005): A phylogenetic framework for the terns (Sternini) inferred from mtDNA sequences: implications for taxonomy and plumage evolution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 35: 459–469. PDF fulltext
  • Collinson, M. (2006). Splitting headaches? Recent taxonomic changes affecting the British and Western Palaearctic lists. British Birds 99(6): 306-323.
Categories:
  • Bird genera
  • Onychoprion
  • Terns
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      版权声明:转载引用遵守知识共享 署名-相同方式共享 3.0协议,必须注明原始链接。
      原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Onychoprion

      参考资料

      [1].  Onychoprion, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Onychoprion

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