鸟类百科大全 > 鸻形目 (Charadriiformes)

Thinocoridae 本科包含2个属、4个种、9个亚种

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同义词条: Seedsnipe

Chinese name: 籽鹬科

Scientific classification

Thinocoridae
Thinocoridae
A skull of a Grey-breasted Seedsnipe, in the collections of the Royal Ontario Museum

The seedsnipes are a small family, Thinocoridae, of small gregarious waders which have adapted to a herbivorous diet. The family is divided into two genera, Attagis and Thinocorus, each containing two species. The family has a South American distribution, in the Andean and Patagonian regions. The relationships with other families within the order Charadriiformes are uncertain, it has been suggested that the Plains Wanderer of Australia, the jacanas and the painted snipes are their closest relatives. The Plains Wanderer in particular has a similar feeding ecology, although differs markedly in breeding biology. The family's common name is misleading, as they do not resemble true snipe, having short bills on small heads, and seeds do not form a major part of the diet.

Family: Thinocoridae
Suborder: Charadrii
Order: Charadriiformes
中文科名: 籽鹬科
中文亚目: 鸻亚目
中文目名: 鸻形目
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
Contents

Description

They resemble grouse, quail and sandgrouse, only with long wings. The seedsnipes in the genus Thinocorus are smaller, ranging in size from a sparrow to a snipe, whereas the genus Attagis are larger, the size of a ptarmigan. They have short legs (but long toes) and tails. The colour of their plumage is generally cryptic. There is some sexual dimorphism in the plumage of the Thinocorus species, the males have grey faces, necks and breasts.

Seedsnipes inhabit a variety of harsh environments, including grasslands, grass steppes, semi-arid deserts and alpine habitats. The Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe ranges as far up as to the snowline (5500 m).

Their 2–3 eggs are laid in a shallow scrape on the ground.

Species

  • Genus Attagis
    • Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis gayi
    • White-bellied Seedsnipe Attagis malouinus
  • Genus Thinocorus
    • Grey-breasted Seedsnipe Thinocorus orbignyanus
    • Least Seedsnipe Thinocorus rumicivorus

References

  1. van Tuinen, Marcel; Waterhouse, David & Dyke, Gareth J. (2004): Avian molecular systematics on the rebound: a fresh look at modern shorebird phylogenetic relationships. Journal of Avian Biology 35(3): 191-194.
  2. ^ ab Fjeldså, J. (1996) "Family Thinocoridae (Seedsnipes)" in del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A. & Sargatal, J. (editors). (1996). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 84-87334-20-2

External links

  • Seedsnipe videos on the Internet Bird Collection

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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Thinocoridae

参考资料

[1].  Thinocoridae, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thinocoridae

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