鸟类百科大全 > 雀形目 (Passeriformes) > 鸫科 (Turdidae)

Turdus 该鸟种在中国有分布 本属包含80个种、208个亚种

编辑词条

同义词条: True thrush

Chinese name: 鸫属

Scientific classification

Turdus

The true thrushes are medium-sized mostly insectivorous or omnivorous birds in the genus Turdus of the thrush family Turdidae.

Genus: Turdus
Family: Turdidae
Suborder: Passerii
Order: Passeriformes
中文属名: 鸫属
中文科名: 鸫科
中文亚目: 鸣禽亚目
中文目名: 雀形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
Contents

Description

The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution, with species in the Americas, Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia. Several species have also colonised some oceanic islands, and two species have been introduced to New Zealand. Some New World species are called robins, the most famous of which is the American Robin. Several species are migratory.

While some species are often split out of Turdus, the two small thrushes formerly separated in Platycichla by many authors are usually placed in the present genus again in recent years.

List of species

  • Common Blackbird, Turdus merula
    • Indian Blackbird, Turdus (merula) simillimus
    • Tibetan Blackbird, Turdus (merula) maximus
    • Chinese Blackbird, Turdus (merula) mandarinus
  • Yemen Thrush, Turdus menachensis
  • Olive Thrush, Turdus olivaceus
  • Abyssinian Thrush, Turdus abyssinicus
  • Usambara Thrush, Turdus roehli
  • Karoo Thrush, Turdus smithi
  • Taita Thrush, Turdus helleri - formerly in T. olivaceus
  • Somali Thrush or Somali Blackbird, Turdus ludoviciae - formerly in T. olivaceus
  • São Tomé Thrush, Turdus olivaceofuscus
  • Príncipe Thrush, Turdus xanthorhynchus
  • Comoro Thrush, Turdus bewsheri
  • Kurrichane Thrush, Turdus libonyanus
  • African Thrush, Turdus pelios
  • Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus tephronotus
  • Grey-backed Thrush, Turdus hortulorum
  • Tickell's Thrush, Turdus unicolor
  • Black-breasted Thrush, Turdus dissimilis
  • Japanese Thrush, Turdus cardis
  • White-collared Blackbird, Turdus albocinctus
  • Ring Ouzel, Turdus torquatus
  • Grey-winged Blackbird, Turdus boulboul
  • Island Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus
    • Borneo Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus seebohmi
    • Taiwan Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus niveiceps
    • Christmas Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus erythropleurus - common Christmas Island endemic subspecies
    • Norfolk Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus poliocephalus - extinct (c.1975)
    • Maré Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus mareensis - extinct (early 20th century)
    • Lord Howe Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus vinitinctus - extinct (1920s)
    • Lifou Thrush, Turdus poliocephalus pritzbueri - possibly extinct (early 20th century?)
  • Chestnut Thrush, Turdus rubrocanus
  • Kessler's Thrush, Turdus kessleri
  • Grey-sided Thrush, Turdus feae
  • Eyebrowed Thrush, Turdus obscurus
  • Pale Thrush, Turdus pallidus
  • Brown-headed Thrush, Turdus chrysolaus
  • Izu Thrush, Turdus celaenops
  • Red-throated Thrush, Turdus ruficollis
  • Black-throated Thrush, Turdus atrogularis
  • Naumann's Thrush, Turdus naumanni
  • Dusky Thrush, Turdus eunomus
  • Fieldfare, Turdus pilaris
Turdus
Redwing (Turdus iliacus) in Iceland
  • Redwing, Turdus iliacus
  • Song Thrush, Turdus philomelos
  • Chinese Thrush, Turdus mupinensis
  • Mistle Thrush, Turdus viscivorus
  • Red-legged Thrush, Turdus plumbeus
  • Grand Cayman Thrush, Turdus ravidus - extinct (1940s)
  • Chiguanco Thrush, Turdus chiguanco
  • Sooty Thrush, Turdus nigrescens
  • Great Thrush, Turdus fuscater
  • Black Thrush, Turdus infuscatus
  • Glossy-black Thrush, Turdus serranus
  • Andean Slaty Thrush, Turdus nigriceps
  • Eastern Slaty Thrush, Turdus subalaris
  • Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater
    • Cauca Black-hooded Thrush, Turdus olivater caucae - possibly extinct (late 20th century?)
  • Plumbeous-backed Thrush, Turdus reevei
  • Marañón Thrush, Turdus maranonicus
  • Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Turdus fulviventris
  • Rufous-bellied Thrush, Turdus rufiventris
  • Austral Thrush, Turdus falcklandii
  • Pale-breasted Thrush, Turdus leucomelas
  • Creamy-bellied Thrush, Turdus amaurochalinus
  • Mountain Thrush, Turdus plebejus
  • Black-billed Thrush, Turdus ignobilis
  • Lawrence's Thrush, Turdus lawrencii
  • Cocoa Thrush, Turdus fumigatus
  • Pale-vented Thrush, Turdus obsoletus
  • Hauxwell's Thrush, Turdus hauxwelli
  • Clay-colored Thrush, Turdus grayi
  • Bare-eyed Thrush, Turdus nudigenis
  • Ecuadorian Thrush, Turdus maculirostris
  • Unicolored Thrush, Turdus haplochrous
  • Várzea Thrush, Turdus sanchezorum
  • White-eyed Thrush, Turdus jamaicensis
  • White-throated Thrush, Turdus assimilis
    • Dagua Thrush, Turdus (assimilis) daguae
  • White-necked Thrush, Turdus albicollis
    • Rufous-flanked Thrush Turdus (albicollis) albicollis
    • Grey-flanked Thrush Turdus (albicollis) phaeopygos
  • Rufous-backed Thrush, Turdus rufopalliatus
  • Rufous-collared Thrush, Turdus rufitorques
  • American Robin, Turdus migratorius
  • La Selle Thrush, Turdus swalesi
  • White-chinned Thrush, Turdus aurantius
  • Pale-eyed Thrush, Turdus leucops
  • Yellow-legged Thrush, Turdus flavipes
  • Forest Thrush, Turdus lherminieri

References

External links

  • True Thrush videos on the Internet Bird Collection

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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Turdus

参考资料

[1].  Turdus, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turdus

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