鸟类百科大全 > 雀形目 (Passeriformes) > 莺科 (Sylviidae) > 棕头鸦雀属 (Sinosuthora)

Vinous-throated Parrotbill 该鸟种在中国有分布

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Scientific name: Sinosuthora webbiana

Chinese name: 棕头鸦雀

Scientific classification

Vinous-throated Parrotbill

The Vinous-throated Parrotbill (Sinosuthora webbiana) is a species of parrotbill in the Sylviidae family; formerly, it was placed in the closely related Timaliidae. It is found in China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, Russia, Taiwan, and Vietnam. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.

Species: Sinosuthora webbiana
Genus: Sinosuthora
Family: Sylviidae
Order: Passeriformes
English: Vinous-throated Parrotbill
中文学名: 棕头鸦雀
中文属名: 棕头鸦雀属
中文科名: 莺科
中文目名: 雀形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
IUCN Red List: IUCN Red List
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
Contents

Contents

  • 1 Taxonomy and systematics
  • 2 Habitat and movements
  • 3 Description
  • 4 Behaviour
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Taxonomy and systematics[edit source | edit]

Vinous-throated Parrotbill
Illustration by Joseph Wolf (1866)

The Vinous-throated Parrotbill was described in 1852 by John Gould and placed in the genus Suthora, where it sat with other small browner parrotbills. Later parrotbills were merged into two genera, Conostoma and Paradoxornis; with this species being placed in Paradoxornis. Recent DNA studies have shown that the genus Paradoxornis is paraphyletic, and that it should be split. It is suggested that the Vinous-throated Parrotbill should be placed in the genus Sinoparadoxornis. The Vinous-throated Parrotbill is very closely related to the Ashy-throated Parrotbill, and hybrids have been reported between the two species in Vietnam and China, as well as in Italy where both species have become established.

The specific name webbiana commemorates the English botanist Philip Barker Webb. The species is sometimes referred to as Webb's Parrotbill.

Habitat and movements[edit source | edit]

The Vinous-throated Parrotbill occurs from northern Vietnam to southern Manchuria, and occupies a wide range of habitats across its range. It is generally found in somewhat open wooded habitats, including scrub, woodland of early successional to late mature secondary stages, forest edges, thickets and bamboo stands. It also occurs in hedges, reeds and marshes. They also will adapt to human modified habitats such as tea plantations and plant nurseries. In China it is found in lower montane areas, in Sichuan it is replaced at 1,000 m (3,300 ft) above sea level by the Ashy-throated Parrotbill, whereas in Taiwan, where it is the only species of parrotbill, it occurs from sea level to 3,100 m (10,200 ft) and occupies the widest niche of any bird on that island.

Description[edit source | edit]

The Vinous-throated Parrotbill is a relatively small and long-tailed parrotbill. It measures between 11–12.5 cm (4.3–4.9 in) in length. The weight varies slightly by sex, with males weighing between 8.5–11 g (0.30–0.39 oz) and the females weighing 7–12 cm (2.8–4.7 in). The tail is graduated and like other parrotbills the bill is short and has the nostrils concealed by feather bristles. The plumage is similar for both sexes, which in the nominate is warm brown on the upperparts, dark brown on the wings (tinged with chestnut on the flight feathers). The upper breast and throat are pinkish-cream with brown streaks on the throat. The flanks are similar to the upperparts but slightly buffy, and the belly is cream-buff merging into the breast. The crown and forehead is rufescent brown, with a pale grey iris and the bill is either slate grey or brown with a paler or yellow tip.

Behaviour[edit source | edit]

Like other parrotbills and indeed related babblers, the Vinous-throated Parrotbill is a highly social species, usually encountered in groups. These flocks vary in size through the year, being at their smallest during the breeding season and increasing to as many as 140 individual birds in the winter.The members of winter flocks in Taiwan were described by a study as having four categories of member; core members, which never left the flock; regular members, which generally stayed in the flock but visited or briefly joined other flocks; floaters, which moved around between flocks; and peripheral members, which were only seen for less than two months and were assumed to be visitors from other areas. The ranges of large winter flocks can overlap with that of other flocks and flocks passing close together retain their cohesion.

References[edit source | edit]

  1. Boto, Alberto, Andrea Galimberti and Richard Bonser (2009) The parrotbills in Lombardia, Italy Birding World 22(11):471-474
  2. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael (2004). Whose Bird?: Common Bird Names and the People They Commemorate. Yale University Press. p. 361. ISBN 978-0-300-10359-5. 
  3. Robson, Craig (2007). "Family Paradoxornithidae (Parrotbill)". In del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew; Christie, David. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. pp. 292–320. ISBN 978-84-96553-42-2. 
  • BirdLife International 2004. Paradoxornis webbianus. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 26 July 2007.

External links[edit source | edit]

  • Pictures at ADW
Categories:
  • IUCN Red List least concern species
  • Birds of Asia
  • Sinosuthora
Hidden categories:
  • Articles with 'species' microformats

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      原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Vinous-throated+Parrotbill

      参考资料

      [1].  Vinous-throated Parrotbill, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vinous-throated_Parrotbill

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