鸟类百科大全 > 雀形目 (Passeriformes) > 绣眼鸟科 (Zosteropidae)

Zosterops 该鸟种在中国有分布 本属包含87个种、172个亚种

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Chinese name: 绣眼鸟属

Scientific classification

Zosterops

Zosterops is a genus of birds containing the typical white-eyes. They are traditionally placed in the white-eye family, Zosteropidae, which may actually be a part of the Timaliidae, however (Jønsson & Fjeldså 2006). The latest comprehensive review of Australian bird taxonomy by Christidis and Boles also places this genus in the Timaliidae.

Genus: Zosterops
Family: Zosteropidae
Suborder: Passerii
Order: Passeriformes
中文属名: 绣眼鸟属
中文科名: 绣眼鸟科
中文亚目: 鸣禽亚目
中文目名: 雀形目
Birds of China: Chinese Bird
鸟类百科采用世界鸟类学家联合会(IOC)最新最权威的鸟类分类方法,Version 3.5
Contents

Description

This genus has the highest number of species among the white-eyes by far. They occur in the Afrotropic ecoregion, the Indomalaya zone, and the Australasia ecozone. Typical white-eyes can reach a length between 8 and 15 cm. Their most characteristic feature is the conspicuous white-feather ring around the eye, though some species lack it. The species in this group vary in the structural adaptations of the tongue.

Systematics

A review of new DNA sequence data (Jønsson & Fjeldså 2006) suggests the genus might not be monophyletic. Few species have been researched, however, with the highest density of sampled taxa being from Micronesia. There, it appears, a more distinct eastern lineage and a western one closer to East Asian species occur. The relationships of the former to the Rukia white-eyes need investigation.

  • African Yellow White-eye, Zosterops senegalensis
    • Cameroon Green White-eye, Zosterops (senegalensis) stenocricotus
    • Kirk's White-eye, Zosterops (senegalensis) kirki
  • Pemba White-eye, Zosterops vaughani
  • Mayotte White-eye, Zosterops mayottensis
  • Montane White-eye, Zosterops poliogastrus (formerly poliogaster)
    • Kulal White-eye, Zosterops (poliogastrus) kulalensis
    • Taita White-eye, Zosterops (poliogastrus) silvanus
    • South Pare White-eye, Zosterops (poliogastrus) winifredae
    • Kikuyu White-eye, Zosterops (poliogastrus) kikuyuensis
    • Mbulu White-eye, Zosterops (poliogastrus) mbuluensis
  • Abyssinian White-eye, Zosterops abyssinicus
  • Cape White-eye, Zosterops capensis
    • Cape White-eye, Zosterops (capensis) capensis
    • Orange River White-eye, Zosterops (capensis) pallidus
  • Malagasy White-eye, Zosterops maderaspatanus
  • Karthala White-eye, Zosterops mouroniensis
  • Marianne White-eye, Zosterops semiflavus (extinct: late 19th century)
  • Sao Tome White-eye, Zosterops ficedulinus
  • Annobon White-eye, Zosterops griseovirescens
  • Mascarene White-eye, Zosterops borbonicus
    • Réunion Grey White-eye, Zosterops (borbonicus) borbonicus
    • Mauritius Grey White-eye, Zosterops (borbonicus) mauritianus
  • Reunion White-eye, Zosterops olivaceus
  • Mauritius Olive White-eye, Zosterops chloronothos
  • Seychelles White-eye, Zosterops modestus
  • Sri Lanka White-eye, Zosterops ceylonensis
  • Chestnut-flanked White-eye, Zosterops erythropleurus
  • Oriental White-eye, Zosterops palpebrosus
  • Japanese White-eye, Zosterops japonicus
    • Borodino Islands White-Eye, Zosterops japonicus daitoensis
  • Lowland White-eye, Zosterops meyeni
  • Enggano White-eye, Zosterops salvadorii
  • Bridled White-eye, Zosterops conspicillatus (possibly poly- or paraphyletic)
    • Guam Bridled White-eye, Zosterops (conspicillatus) conspicillatus (extinct: 1983)
  • Rota White-eye, Zosterops rotensis (formerly in conspicillatus)
  • Plain White-eye, Zosterops hypolais
  • Citrine White-eye, Zosterops semperi
  • Black-capped White-eye, Zosterops atricapilla (formerly atricapillus)
  • Everett's White-eye, Zosterops everetti
  • Yellowish White-eye, Zosterops nigrorum
  • Mountain White-eye, Zosterops montanus
  • Christmas White-eye, Zosterops natalis
  • Javan White-eye, Zosterops flavus
  • Lemon-bellied White-eye, Zosterops chloris
  • Ashy-bellied White-eye, Zosterops citrinella (formerly citrinellus)
  • Pearl-bellied White-eye, Zosterops grayi
  • Golden-bellied White-eye, Zosterops uropygialis
  • Pale-bellied White-eye, Zosterops consobrinorum
  • Black-ringed White-eye, Zosterops anomalus
  • Yellow-ringed White-eye, Zosterops wallacei
  • Black-crowned White-eye, Zosterops atrifrons
    • Sulawesi Black-crowned White-eye, Zosterops (atrifrons) subatrifrons
  • Sangihe White-eye, Zosterops nehrkorni (formerly in atrifrons)
  • Seram White-eye, Zosterops stalkeri (formerly in atrifrons)
  • Creamy-throated White-eye, Zosterops atriceps
  • Black-fronted White-eye, Zosterops minor (sometimes included in atrifrons)
  • Tagula White-eye, Zosterops meeki
  • Bismarck White-eye, Zosterops hypoxanthus
  • Biak White-eye, Zosterops mysorensis
  • Capped White-eye, Zosterops fuscicapilla (formerly fuscicapillus)
  • Buru Yellow White-eye, Zosterops buruensis
  • Ambon Yellow White-eye, Zosterops kuehni
  • Papuan White-eye, Zosterops novaeguineae
  • Canary White-eye, Zosterops luteus
  • Louisiade White-eye, Zosterops griseotinctus
  • Rennell White-eye, Zosterops rennellianus
  • Vella Lavella White-eye, Zosterops vellalavella
  • Ranongga White-eye, Zosterops splendidus
  • Gizo White-eye, Zosterops luteirostris
  • Solomons White-eye, Zosterops kulambangrae
  • Kolombangara White-eye, Zosterops murphyi
  • Yellow-throated White-eye, Zosterops metcalfii
  • Grey-throated White-eye, Zosterops rendovae
  • Malaita White-eye, Zosterops stresemanni
  • Santa Cruz White-eye, Zosterops santaecrucis
  • Silvereye, Zosterops lateralis
    • Lord Howe Silvereye, Zosterops (lateralis) tephropleurus (formerly tephropleurus)
  • Robust White-eye, Zosterops strenuus (formerly strenua; extinct: c.1918)
  • Slender-billed White-eye, Zosterops tenuirostris
  • White-chested White-eye, Zosterops albogularis
  • Large Lifou White-eye, Zosterops inornatus
  • Fiji White-eye, Zosterops explorator
  • Vanuatu White-eye, Zosterops flavifrons
  • Green-backed White-eye, Zosterops xanthochroa (formerly xanthochrous)
  • Small Lifou White-eye, Zosterops minutus
  • Samoan White-eye, Zosterops samoensis
  • Dusky White-eye, Zosterops finschii
  • Grey-brown White-eye, Zosterops cinereus
  • Olive-colored White-eye, Zosterops oleagineus (sometimes placed in Rukia, as R. oleaginea)
  • Togian White-eye, Zosterops somadikartai (described in 2008)
  • Wangi Wangi White-eye Zosterops sp. (discovered in 2003)
  • Vanikoro White-eye Zosterops gibbsi (described in 2008)

References

  1. Moreau RE, Mary Perrins & J. Trevor Hughes (1969). "Tongues of the Zosteropidae (White-eyes)". Ardea: 29–47. http://ardeajournal.natuurinfo.nl/ardeapdf/a57-029-047.pdf.
  • Jønsson, Knud A. & Fjeldså, Jon (2006): A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds (Aves: Passeri). Zool. Scripta 35(2): 149–186. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6409.2006.00221.x (HTML abstract)

External links

  • Zosterops photos & videos on the Internet Bird Collection

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原文链接http://baike.niaolei.org.cn/Zosterops

参考资料

[1].  Zosterops, from Wikipedia:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zosterops

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